The notion of "grand narratives" or "metanarratives" follows from Lyotard, who argued for the
invalidity of any discourse which claimed to know or represent the truth, or contained belief systems purporting a universality
in the conception of reality. In the other words, "your Truth does not have to be my Truth." See Lyotard (1984),
Moule (2000) and Harvey (1996).
I want to suggest that even such activities as reading scripture can be seen
as engaging the experiences of the writers. I would also argue that the formation of the canon, such as the Bible in Christianity,
is the considered decision of the faith community (or its leaders) coming from its experience that these particular writings
were uniquely valuable, inspired or meaningful.
A sample of denominational statements on the environment
available on the World Wide Web at time of publication included: Lutheran:
The United Church of Christ (Congregationalist)
As one example, see the series of eight "Caring
for Creation" church bulletin inserts and accompanying study guide produced by Earthkeeping, #205, 10711 - 107 Avenue,
Edmonton, Alberta T5H 0W6. Phone: (780) 428-698. Http://www.earthkeeping.org. Other examples are available from most religious
bookstores and publishers.
Through the NRPE website (http://www.nrpe.org) interested persons can access the
Evangelical Environmental Network, Coalition on the Environment & Jewish Life, National Council of Churches' Eco-Justice
Working Group, and U.S. Catholic Conference Environmental Justice Program.
See the Alliance of Religions
and Conservation (http://www.panda.org/livingplanet/sacred_gifts/).
See also the Religions of the World and Ecology conference
and publication series (held between May 1996, and October 1999), sponsored by Harvard University
Stewardship does not have to be seen as taking care of the earth for human benefit, as many critics suggest
(DeWitt, 1994). Kearns (1997) shows how evangelical environmental activists were instrumental in saving the Endangered Species
Act in the mid-1990s. Although it is often presented as the primary biblical message for Christians regarding the rest of
creation, there are other biblically sound ecotheological stances (Bratton, 1993; Finger, 1997).